The factorial function is defined like this: The factorial of both $0$ and $1$ is $1$, and the factorial of numbers
larger than $1$ are found like this:
The factorial of $2$ is $2\times 1=2$
The factorial of $3$ is $3\times 2\times 1=6$
The factorial of $4$ is $4\times 3\times 2\times 1=24$.
As for use, the factorial is written $n!$, where "the factorial of 3" would be written as $3!$, and you are meant
to compute $3!$ by taking $3\times 2\times 1=6$. So the factorial of a number is found by multiplying the number
by all of the integers smaller than it, stopping at $1$. The result means, in one example, the number of
ways $n$ different objects can be arranged. For example, the three letters a, b, and c, can be arranged $3!=6$ different ways.
In this lesson, as more practice on how to write functions, we'll implement a factorial function. Remember,
given a number $n$, the factorial is $n\times (n-1)\times (n-2)\times 1$. But if you look at a bit differently,
you'll also see that $n!=1\times 2\times 3\times 4\times n$. This second definition is easiest to implement
using a single for-loop. Use a for-loop to multiply the numbers from 1 to $n$ together.
See if you can complete the factorial function below. As for testing, be sure you get that fact(5)=120
and fact(10)=3628800. Note: We have an actual use for the factorial in a future lesson.
Now you try. Fix the for i=??? do line and the p=p* line to handle the factorial as described above.
Type your code here:
See your results here:
This code will not run! Fix the for loop. What will you have it count over? Next, fix the p=p * line to keep track
of the rolling factorial product (p for "product").
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